Pompeu Fabra University. Research group about Journalism

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Thesaurus of journalistic ethics

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  • 0. Ethical bases

  • 1. Principle of Truth

    • 1.1. Scrupulousness and rigour
      • 1.1.1. Dishonesty
      • 1.1.2. Conjectures, speculation and rumours
      • 1.1.3. Precision and accuracy
      • 1.1.4. Selection, citing and credibility of sources
      • 1.1.5. Context and in-depth information
      • 1.1.6. Defamation and libel
      • 1.1.7. Rectification
    • 1.2. Neutrality
      • 1.2.1. Separation of information from opinion
      • 1.2.2. News selection and inclusion criteria
      • 1.2.3. Forms of presentation
    • 1.3. Discourse procedures
      • 1.3.1. Obtaining material: snapshots and recordings
      • 1.3.2. Headlining and textual structures
      • 1.3.3. Selection and arrangement of sounds and images
      • 1.3.4. Informational genres
      • 1.3.5. Additional elements: music and graphics
      • 1.3.6. Sensationalism and spectacularization
    • 1.4. Recreations and falsification
      • 1.4.1. Fictional elements and staging
      • 1.4.2. Presence of reporters
    • 1.5. Deceitful procedures to obtain information
      • 1.5.1. Anonymity and costumes
      • 1.5.2. Hidden cameras and surreptitious searches
    • 1.6. Plagiarism
    • 1.7. Other aspects related to the principle of Truth
  • 2. Principle of Justice

    • 2.1. Impartiality
      • 2.1.1. Inclusion of different points of view
      • 2.1.2. Right to respond
      • 2.1.3. Political quotes
    • 2.2. Treatment of disadvantaged social groups
      • 2.2.1. Racism and xenophobia
      • 2.2.2. Sexism and gender quotas
      • 2.2.3. The elderly
      • 2.2.4. Homophobia
      • 2.2.5. Mentally handicapped
      • 2.2.6. Physically handicapped
      • 2.2.7. Others
    • 2.3. Presumption of innocence
      • 2.3.1. Detainees and suspects
      • 2.3.2. Treatment of court hearings
      • 2.3.3. Crime victims and convicted persons
    • 2.4. Other aspects related to the principle of Justice
  • 3. Principle of Freedom

    • 3.1. External conditioning factors
      • 3.1.1. Control of political powers
      • 3.1.2. Commercial servitude
      • 3.1.3. Other forms of control
    • 3.2. Relationships with sources
      • 3.2.1. Supply of information
      • 3.2.2. Payments to those implicated
      • 3.2.3. Conditions imposed and sources’ rights
      • 3.2.4. Professional secrecy
    • 3.3. Conflicts of interests
      • 3.3.1. Business interests
      • 3.3.2. Incompatibilities and personal interests of journalists
    • 3.4. Other aspects related to the principle of Freedom
  • 4. Principle of Responsibility

    • 4.1. Priority of life and personal safety
      • 4.1.1. Priority of humanitarian aid
      • 4.1.2. Public security
      • 4.1.3. Terrorism
    • 4.2. Privacy
      • 4.2.1. Invasion of privacy
      • 4.2.2. Protection of minors
      • 4.2.3. Right to private image
      • 4.2.4. Pain and suffering
      • 4.2.5. Suicide
    • 4.3. Socially sensitive subjects
      • 4.3.1. Incitement to violence and other anti-social conduct
      • 4.3.2. Bad taste
      • 4.3.3. Respect for beliefs
      • 4.3.4. Alarmism
      • 4.3.5. Gender violence
    • 4.4. Cooperation with authorities and public institutions
    • 4.5. Others aspects related to the principle of Responsibility
  • 5. Other issues included in ethical codes

    • 5.1. Style questions
    • 5.2. Questions related to the organization of newsrooms
      • 5.2.1. Newsroom statutes and professional committees
      • 5.2.2. Hierarchical relations and internal communications
    • 5.3. Questions related to the socio-laboral context of journalists
    • 5.4. Conscience clause
    • 5.5. Calls to media and journalists in favour of Human Rights
    • 5.6. Calls to institutions outside the media
    • 5.7. Other aspects difficult to classify